There are a lot of tasks on the server and Linux level which you have to set and do regular bases and for that Linux offers you a cron job feature in this article we will learn How to run a cron job in Linux?
What is a cron job?
A cron job is a Linux utility that allows you to schedule a command or script to be executed automatically at a specified time and date. Cron is a daemon that runs in the background and checks a configuration file called a crontab for scheduled tasks. When a task is scheduled, cron executes the command or script specified in the task.
Cron jobs are commonly used to automate system maintenance tasks, such as backing up databases or log files, sending emails, and running system updates. They are also used to schedule recurring tasks, such as fetching data from a remote server or running a report.
To create a cron job, you need to create a crontab file and specify the time and date when the job should be run, as well as the command or script to be executed. The crontab file uses a specific syntax, which consists of five fields separated by spaces. The fields represent the minute, hour, day of the month, month, and day of the week when the job should be run. You can use asterisks to specify that the job should be run at any time within a given field. For example, an asterisk in the hour field means that the job will be run every hour.
How to run a cron job in Linux?
To run a cron job in Linux, you can use the
crontab command to set up a cron job.
- Open a terminal and type
crontab -eto edit the crontab file. This will open the crontab file in a text editor.
- Add a line to the file with the following format:
* * * * * command_to_execute
The asterisks represent the following:
- The first asterisk represents the minute of the hour (0-59).
- The second asterisk represents the hour of the day (0-23).
- The third asterisk represents the day of the month (1-31).
- The fourth asterisk represents the month of the year (1-12).
- The fifth asterisk represents the day of the week (0-6, where 0 is Sunday).
For example, to run a command at 5:00 AM every day, you would use the following line:
0 5 * * * command_to_execute
- Save and close the crontab file. The cron job will now run at the specified time.
Note: The crontab file uses a specific syntax, and it is important to follow it carefully. The incorrect syntax can cause the cron job to fail. For more information about the crontab syntax, you can use the
man crontab command to view the manual pages.
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